Harmful Effects of Heavy Metal Contamination in Drinking Water

Harmful Effects of Heavy Metal Contamination in Drinking Water

Are you aware of the level of pollution in the water today? Heavy metal contamination in drinking water poses a threat to humans and is often the root cause of various severe health issues such as cancer and organ damage. The presence of heavy metals cannot be seen with naked eyes but can be detected with a water test. Heavy metals are a slow poison to your health as they don’t have any immediate effects on your body.

What are Heavy Metals?

Heavy metals are metallic elements that are toxic and have a high density, specific gravity, or atomic weight. They are found naturally in the earth’s crust, but due to indiscriminate human activities, their geochemical and biochemical balance has drastically changed and they enter our drinking water supply.

There are some essential heavy metals that the human body requires in trace amounts such as Cobalt, copper, zinc, and manganese but the excessive amount can be detrimental to your health.

Exactly how risky a metal is can depend on several factors, including the dose and means of exposure. However, certain heavy metals are of grave concern as they can harm different organs even at low exposure levels.

Other heavy metals found in drinking water such as lead, mercury, arsenic, and cadmium have no beneficial effects on your body. In fact, their accumulation inside the body can cause severe health problems.

Harmful effects of heavy metals on the Human Body

The human body can’t discharge these metals and they continue amassing inside the body. It doesn’t have a prompt impact on the body, however, can bring about major long-lasting issues a large portion of them influencing the brain. It can bring about reduced mental and central nervous function. It also causes harm to the lungs, liver, kidneys, and other vital organs. Heavy metals are also known as carcinogens that can cause cancer.

Young kids are more susceptible to the harmful effects of heavy metals because their body is in the developing stage. The continuous accumulation of heavy metals in children’s bodies can affect their nervous system which can lead to learning difficulties, and memory impairment, and furthermore result in behavioral issues in the form of aggression and hyperactivity. Here are some of the health effects of these metals on the human body:

Mercury

Enters through the leaching of soil because of acid rain, coal consumption, and industrial, household, and mining waste. Mercury in drinking water can cause damage to the nervous system and kidneys.

Lead

Lead in the drinking water usually comes from the corrosion of old pipes. The presence of lead in the drinking water can cause damage to the kidney, nervous system, and learning difficulties.

Cadmium (Cd):

Found in lead, zinc, copper ores, coal, etc. the deposits of Cadmium are usually the source for surface and groundwater, mainly when in contact with acidic water and low TDS. As per Water Quality Association, Cadmium can potentially cause damage to kidneys, bone, liver, and blood in case of continuous exposure at levels that are higher than the maximum contaminant level.

Arsenic

Arsenic is the most widely recognized reason for heavy metal poisoning in adults. Arsenic is discharged into nature by the refining procedure of copper, zinc, and lead, and also by the manufacturing of chemicals and glasses. Arsenic contamination in drinking water can cause damage to your skin, liver, and eyes and may also cause cancer.

How to remove heavy metal

One of the best solutions to get rid of heavy metal contamination in drinking water is to get the best water purification system. RO purification is one process that is highly capable of removing toxic heavy metals from drinking water. KENT RO water purifiers help in removing heavy metals from drinking water and also retain its natural essential minerals and give you pure drinking water. Bring one of the best water purifiers home and create a protected environment for your loved ones.

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