Air pollution is a major issue faced by the entire world. Not just outdoor, but indoor air pollution leads to a number of health problems. The indoor air is 5 times more polluted than the outdoor air and fuels approximately 4.3 million deaths. In recent years, indoor air pollution has emerged as a leading cause of different types of health issues in India. Pets, cooking fumes, household furniture, and electronic equipment, which are considered harmless are the major sources of indoor pollution. The toxic particles enter your respiratory system through the nasal tract and lead to respiratory problems. This makes it important to install an air purifier at home to keep the indoor air safe and pollutant free. The blog discusses some of the diseases caused by indoor air pollution.
Pneumonia causes inflammation of the air sacs either in one or both lungs. The air sacs fill up with pus or fluid leading to cough, fever, chills and breathing difficulty. Exposure to indoor air pollution doubles the risk of childhood pneumonia. In fact, approximately 45% of the pneumonia deaths among children who are less than 5 years. Indoor air pollution also increases the risk of acute lower respiratory problems among adults. This also contributes to approximately 28% of adult deaths.
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
Indoor air pollution also increases the condition of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), which is an inflammatory lung disease. COPD obstructs the flow of air in the lungs and also interferes with your breathing. Exposure to high levels of smoke, scented products, exposure to products and paints aggravate COPD. According to WHO, COPD causes approximately 25% of deaths in adults.
In addition to smoking, exposure to indoor air pollutants also increases the risk of lung cancer. The carcinogen agents, PM 2.5 present in the indoor air are closely linked to lung cancer. In fact, air pollution causes approximately 17% premature deaths in adults (Report by WHO). People who live or work in congested areas with little or no ventilation are at a higher risk of lung cancer.
Exposure to indoor air pollution increases the risk of cardiovascular diseases. Long-term exposure to pollutants such as PM 2.5 increases calcium build-up in the coronary artery, thereby worsening inflammation. The pollutants also cause premature aging of your blood vessels, which increase the chance of heart attack and strokes.
The Bottom Line
Indoor air pollution is a serious issue that needs your attention. To stay safe from the harmful effects of indoor air pollution, make sure you install an air purifier. HEPA air purifiers catch and trap indoor air pollutants and keep your home safe.