Our world is blessed with millions of beautiful species. However, over the years, rapid industrialization, excessive pollution, and dumping of plastic waste are posing a great threat to these species. Our reckless behavior is one of the reasons why every other day we get disturbing news of aquatic animals choking on plastics. Considering the alarming situation, the theme of this Earth Day 2019, celebrated on April 22nd every year, is “Protect our Species”. As we have already done some irreversible damage to Mother Earth, let’s pledge this Earth Day to take some small steps to protect the species and ensure a better future for the generations to come. However, before we delve into the details, let’s read some shocking facts about our global species.
Facts about Global Species
The percentage of land creatures has dipped by 40 percent since 1970
Approximately 40% of the birds’ species have decreased and 13% are facing extinction
Approximately 60% of Earth’s primates are threatened with extinction
Approximately a quarter of coral reefs have been damaged beyond repair
75% of the toothed whales are negatively affected as a result of bycatch in fishing
A lot of the world’s large cats will be extinct by the next decade
How can we Help to Protect the Species?
So, what can you do to protect these species? Here are a few small steps you can take to protect our species and maintain the ecological balance:
Say no to Plastic
Approximately 30 million plastic waste generated every year is drowning our planet into pollution. The first small step is to avoid using plastics as much as possible. Instead of plastic bags, use jute or paper bags for shopping. In addition, stop using plastic water bottles as these are not only harmful to the environment but also pose a threat to health. Use Vacuum bottles and flasks to store water. These are not just hygienic but also maintain the temperature of the liquids. Lastly, instead of buying drinking water, switch to a water purifier, which provides clean, germ-free water on demand.
Water wastage is another serious concern that is a major reason for the extinction of the species. Some of the places are fast running out of the water, which will have an impact on the entire eco-system. When you use less water, there will be less runoff. This also ensures that waste water doesn’t end up in the oceans.
Recycle and Reuse
The key to conserving our nature is recycling and reusing. Composting reduces waste going into the landfills and also the amount of space needed to hold the waste. Purchase products that can be reused and recycled. Make sure you store these in separate cans for recycling goods and don’t mix them with one-time use products.
Reduce Energy Wastage
Burning fossil fuels is one of the main reasons for climate change. This is the reason why there has been a quick biodiversity loss. Start conserving energy at home by switching off lights, fans, and other electronic appliances when not in use. If possible, use solar energy whenever possible to reduce the effects of climate change.
Though the situation is alarming, the rate of extinction can be slowed. Many of the declining or endangered species can be saved if we follow the steps mentioned above. This Earth Day let’s pledge to do our bit to conserve our planet and hope for a better future.