Water.org had carried an appalling fact on children health. According to their survey, every 90 seconds a child dies from a water-related disease and 160 million children suffer from stunting and chronic malnutrition linked to water and sanitation. This is indeed a very saddening state and the result of our own abuse of such an important natural resource. We are in a state where we do not even have access to pure drinking water and every home has to have the best water filtration system in order to protect the family.
UNICEF child mortality data show that about half of under-five deaths occur in only five countries: India, Nigeria, Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Pakistan and China. Two countries – India (24 per cent) and Nigeria (11 per cent) – together account for more than a third of all under-five deaths. These same countries also have significant populations without improved water and sanitation. Of the 783 million people worldwide without improved drinking water, there are 119 million in China; 97 million in India; 66 million in Nigeria; 36 million in DRC; and 15 million in Pakistan.
As parents, we ensure that the child is given enough water in order to healthy. We have learned from Physicians and our families that an appropriate hydration plan is one of the crucial ways to keep the child healthy. We also go one step further to ensure that as parents, we set an example to children by hydrating ourselves enough. After all, we inspire our children in every single way and if the parents show love towards the water, so does the child. However, with all the scary statistics (given above) that will put any parent in the worrying state, how do we avoid such circumstances? In order to answer that, we will first understand just a few contaminants in water compiled by Water Research which poses a major threat.
Lead | Lead is a toxic metal that is harmful to human health; there is no safe level of lead exposure. The degree of exposure depends on the concentration of lead, route of exposure (air, water, food), current medical condition, and age. It has been estimated that up to 20 % of the total lead exposure in children can be attributed to a waterborne route, i.e., consuming contaminated water. In addition, infants, foetuses, and young children are particularly vulnerable to lead poisoning. This is because they usually consume more water and their bodies are actively developing, which facilitates the bioaccumulation of lead. High levels of lead contamination in a child can result in convulsions, major neurological damage, organ failure, coma, and ultimately death. Moderate to low levels of exposure may result in hearing loss, inhibit growth, and cause learning disabilities
Nitrate | If infants drinking baby formula or water that contains an elevated level of nitrate or nitrite the baby could die from the disease “methemoglobinemia”. Current research suggests that long-term exposure to nitrates in drinking water may cause the development of cancer. Methemoglobinemia is a disorder characterized by the presence of a higher than normal level of methemoglobin rather than ferrous in the blood.
Besides the above terrifying consequences, the child is also susceptible to gastrointestinal and stomach illnesses like nausea, vomiting, cramps, diarrhea and headaches. The health effects of drinking contaminated water can range from no physical impact to severe illness or even death.
Some of the effects of drinking contaminated water can be immediate, or not noticed for many years. Many factors affect the possible impact on health such as the age and general health status of the person, the type of contaminant, the amount and how long the person has been drinking the contaminated water.
How do we prevent all the situation mentioned above and give only the best for your child? Get yourself a water purifier at home and ensure your child hydrates only with this water. Certain filters can remove lead and other contaminants from your water. Speak to a water purifier manufacturer from your area and buy the right one that suits your needs. Most importantly, always follow the manufacturer’s directions and change the filter regularly to prevent contaminants from building up.
Children are the future of the world. Ensure you give them nothing but the best.