Malaria is a mosquito-borne infectious disease caused by parasitic protozoans and affects humans and other animals. Fever, tiredness, vomiting, and headaches are some of the common symptoms of malaria. In some severe cases, malaria can also lead to yellow skin, seizures, coma, or sometimes death. If malaria is not properly treated, it may return after a few months, however, the symptoms may be mild. Malaria is a life-threatening disease that is transmitted by female Anopheles mosquitoes. Though the disease curable, malaria killed nearly 3,00,000 children in 2016. On this World Malaria Day 2018, we share some important information about the disease to help you stay protected.
Know More about Malaria
Malaria is an acute febrile illness and the symptoms usually appear 10–15 days after the infective mosquito bites you. The symptoms include fever, headache, and chills. Children suffering from malaria develop symptoms such as severe anemia, respiratory distress or cerebral malaria. There are more than 400 different species of Anopheles mosquito and around 30 are malaria vectors. The species of mosquito bite between dusk and dawn and the intensity of the transmission of disease totally depends on the factors related to vector, human host, and even the environment. This year the theme of World Malaria Day is “Ready to Beat Malaria” and in order to defeat malaria, you need to follow few measures.
Preventive Measures to Reduce Malaria Transmission
If you want to reduce malaria transmission, you need to follow a few steps such as using insecticide-treated mosquito nets and indoor residual spraying. Staying inside the mosquito net will let you stay away from the risk of getting bitten by Anopheles. On the other hand, Indoor Residual Spraying (IRS) with insecticides is also a powerful way to rapidly reduce malaria transmission. Indoor spraying is a very effective way to protect the population for the entire malaria season.
You can also use antimalarial medicines to stay protected from malaria. Malaria can be prevented by taking chemoprophylaxis, which can suppress the blood stage of malaria infections.
Ways to Avoid Mosquito Bites
There are many other things that you can do in order to stay protected from the bites of mosquitoes and these are mentioned below:
- Make sure to stay somewhere that has effective air conditioning and screening on doors and windows.
- Close the doors and windows properly
- Try to sleep under an intact mosquito net as this will keep you protected from malaria
- Use insect repellent on your skin. The most effective repellents are available in sprays, roll-ons, sticks, and creams.
The Bottom Line
Come together this World Malaria Day to fight against the deadly disease and complete the WHO Global Technical Strategy. The strategy is about reducing malaria case by at least 90% by 2030 and even reducing malaria mortality rates by at least 90% by 2030. Moreover, just follow the above-mentioned points to ensure that you remain protected from mosquito bites.