Every winter airborne diseases shoot-up. Kids and senior citizens are at a higher risk of getting infected by airborne diseases in winter. Not just the dipping temperature but the spike in pollution levels is also one of the main reasons for a spike in pollution. Approximately five million people are affected by airborne diseases every winter and around a quarter of a million die from it. However, the question is why do airborne diseases increase in winter? Read on to find out.
Causes of Airborne Diseases- Why Does it Spread Quickly in Winter?
A common question that many people have in their minds is why do diseases spread so quickly in winter? The reason is the disease-causing viruses change so quickly that your body is rarely prepared for the next season. The antibodies present in your body don’t recognise the virus, which is the reason why you lose immunity. As you spend more time indoors in the winter, you are in close contact with people carrying germs. The cold weather also wears down your immune system against infection. The short days of winter have low sunlight, which lowers your level of Vitamin D, weakening your immune system. This prevents the white blood vessels from reaching the mucous membrane and killing the viruses, which slip past your defense system unnoticed.
Ways to Prevent Airborne Diseases
Here are some of the ways you can stay safe from airborne pollutants.
Use an Air Purifier
Airborne bacteria and viruses not only cause diseases but also aggravate your allergies and asthma symptoms. When someone sneezes or coughs, the tiny water or mucous droplets filled with airborne viruses scatter and easily enter the air. When you inhale this contaminated air, it easily spreads coughs, colds, influenza and many other airborne diseases. An air purifier uses a HEPA filter, which catches and traps pollutants that are as small as 0.3 microns. This reduces the chances of getting airborne diseases in winter.
Moisten the Indoor Air
If the indoor air at home or workplace is quite dry, the flu germs tend to stick around for a longer period of time. In such a scenario, you need to run a humidifier makes it difficult for illnesses to spread. The moist air causes airborne germs to drop to the ground which makes them less likely to infect your family members.
Clean your Home Thoroughly
Areas such as doorknobs and keyboards are a paradise for germs and airborne viruses. Some of the viruses that cause the common cold can survive on surfaces for months. Touching the surfaces which have germs increase your chances of getting sick. Use a vacuum cleaner to remove germs and keep your home clean.
Last Few Words
Air-borne diseases are quite common in winter, which makes it important to take the right steps to stay safe. In addition to eating healthy, you also need to place an air purifier at home to stay safe. HEPA air purifiers catch and trap indoor air pollutants, which prevent allergies, asthma, and other health problems. To find out more about HEPA Air Purifiers, click here.